Meet our Faculty


Our faculty consists of world-class doctors and nurses who not only love their jobs, but are highly-skilled, have trained at some of the best universities, medical schools, and teaching hospitals in the world, and are gifted communicators and educators.  Their desire is to pass on the passion to help and heal to the next generation of doctors.  (Listed below are the faculty members for Emerge 2018 and/or 2019.)




Dr. Andrew Eads, MD


Dr. Andrew Eads grew up in El Toro, California.  He received his BS in Chemistry from UC Berkeley where he was an instructor for the Berkeley MCAT review course.  He received  his Masters in Public Health from UCLA. He attended the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine where he served on the Admissions Committee from 2007-2011.  He completed his residency at University of Southern California + Los Angeles County Hospital, graduating as Chief Resident.  He is well known for his work on the award-winning documentary “Code Black” (  He and his wife Melissa have two kids and reside in Carlsbad, California.

Dr. Andrew Williamson, MD

Screen Shot 2018-04-19 at 9.56.13 AM

photo and bio coming soon

Dr. Ariel Bowman, MD


Dr. Ariel Bowman is originally from Cambridge, Massachusetts. After getting her undergraduate degree in Literature from Yale University, she spent four years working in New York as a costume designer for film and theatre before doing a post-bacc at Goucher College and attending medical school at the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to medical school, she spent a year working with Partners in Health on MDR-TB in Lima, Peru. She came to the West Coast for residency, completing her training in Emergency Medicine at Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical Center, where she served as Chief Resident of Education in her final year. She currently practices at Sharp Memorial Hospital and is active in resident education at UCSD. When she is not in the ED she enjoys cooking, reading, traveling, and spending time with her husband and their two very energetic puppies.

Dr. Asia Takeuchi, MD


Dr. Asia Takeuchi was born in Hong Kong and moved all over the world before settling in Southern California. She received a B.S. in Animal Physiology and Neuroscience and a B.A. in Psychology from UCSD. While there, she also worked as a research assistant for both the Autism Lab of La Jolla (now the UCSD Autism Center of Excellence) and the UCSD Dept. of Emergency Medicine. She then received her medical degree from USC Keck School of Medicine in Los Angeles.  Returning to San Diego, Dr. Takeuchi completed a transitional residency at Scripps Mercy Hospital and an Emergency Medicine Residency and Ultrasound Fellowship at UCSD. For a short time, she also worked at Kaiser Zion and Rady Children’s Hospital. She currently maintains an Associate Professorship with the UCSD Dept. of Emergency Medicine, operates as a co-director for the UCSD School of Medicine Ultrasound Curriculum, and works the majority of her clinical shifts at Sharp Memorial Hospital. When not in the hospital, she spends time with her husband and rambunctious young daughter renovating their historic San Diego home.

Ashley Mostowy, RN

Screen Shot 2018-03-25 at 3.46.35 PM

Ashley Mostowy is an ER nurse involved in the training of physicians in advanced resuscitation techniques.  She has extensive experience in IV starts and management of cardiac arrest patients.

Dr. Chad Valderrama, MD

Screen Shot 2018-04-05 at 9.40.13 AM.png


Dr. Chad Valderrama is an Emergency Medical physician at Scripps Memorial Hospital in Encinitas, California.  He completed medical school and residency at UCSD and his undergraduate studies at Dartmouth in New Hampshire.  After college he started on his path towards a career in medicine while working at the National Institute of Public Health in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Chad enjoys the fast-paced environment of Emergency Medicine and is fulfilled by the ability to help patients and their families during some of their greatest times of need.

Dr. Dale Mitchell, MD

Screen Shot 2018-04-29 at 12.36.09 PM

Dr. Dale Mitchell, MD was born in Maine and attended Boston College, graduating with a degree in Chemistry.  He attended Georgetown University School of Medicine and went on to complete his residency in Obstetrics/Gynecology at the Naval Hospital in San Diego.  He joined the Scripps Clinic Medical Group following active duty.  He is currently the chair of their OB/GYN department and the Vice President of their Board of Directors.  In his spare time he enjoys mountain biking, motorcycling, skiing, playing the guitar, and home brewing.

Dr. Dasia Esener, MD

image1 (1)

Dr. Dasia Esener, MD is the fellowship director of the Emergency Ultrasound Fellowship at Kaiser Permanente in San Diego. She did residency and emergency ultrasound fellowship at Baystate Medical Center/Tufts University in Springfield, Massachusetts.  She later moved to San Diego where she started an emergency ultrasound fellowship at Kaiser Permanente.  Dasia lives in San Diego, CA with her husband and 2 children.

Dr. Diane Wintz, MD

Screen Shot 2018-05-01 at 10.20.51 AM

Dr. Diane Wintz is a Critical Care Surgeon at Sharp Memorial Hospital in San Diego, California. She graduated from Foster School of Medicine at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in El Paso, Texas.  She completed her residency and fellowship at University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston.  Before coming to Sharp, she worked as Assistant Professor of Surgery at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland.  Schwartz chose her specialty because of the strong mentorship she received during her education. “I love everything about being a physician,” she says. “Having great mentors is really how I decided on surgery as a career.”

Dr. Eileen Shi, MD

MS Headshot Alt B.JPG

Dr. Eileen Shi grew up in San Diego, CA.  After graduating summa cum laude with a BS in Physiology and Neuroscience at UCSD, she attended UCSD School of Medicine and is now a first-year resident in the UCSD Department of Emergency Medicine.  During residency, she hopes to grow her clinical skills with a focus on improving emergency care for geriatric patients. Outside the hospital, Eileen loves to spend time at the Balboa Park archery range, experiment with new recipes, and paint scenes from recent hiking trips.

Dr. Erin King, MD


Dr. Erin King earned her undergraduate degree in Biomedical Engineering from Cornell University, and went on to earn her medical degree from Weill Cornell Medical College. After deciding to never endure another northeastern winter, she moved to San Diego in 2010 and completed an Emergency Medicine residency at UCSD, serving as chief resident. She joined Sharp Rees-Stealy’s Urgent Care in 2015. Outside of work, she enjoys dabbling in the outdoors–biking, hiking, and most recently kite surfing.

 Dr. Garrett Sterling, MD


Dr. Garrett Sterling was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. He lived in New Orleans after high school, then received his undergraduate degree in Physics from UCLA. He went to USC for medical school and completed his residency training at Los Angeles County Hospital in Emergency Medicine. When he is not in the hospital, he spends his time with his wife and daughter, as well as practicing amateur astronomy.

 Gladiola Martinez, RN

Screen Shot 2018-03-25 at 3.43.32 PM

Gladiola Martinez is an ER nurse involved in the training of physicians in advance resuscitation techniques.  She has extensive experience in IV starts and management of cardiac arrest patients.

Jane Rabun, RN

Headshot photo jane

Jane Rabun is a staff nurse in the Emergency Room at Sharp Memorial Hospital in San Diego, California.  She provides direct patient care and mentors students and colleagues in critical situations.  Jane has worked in Surgical, Cardiovascular, Trauma/Neuro ICU and ER for over 30 years and holds a Master’s degree in Burn/Emergency/Trauma Nursing. Jane has developed various curriculums in anatomy, physiology, and nursing and has taught students from high school to graduate levels.  When not teaching or working in ER, Jane is training for or running in half marathons, supporting her two girls and husband, or traveling to new and exciting places.

Dr. Jasmine Lai, MD

Lai_Jasmine orig

Dr. Jasmine Lai grew up in San Diego, California, where she is a former graduate of Torrey Pines High School (Go Falcons!). She received her degrees In Physiological Science and Neuroscience from UCLA and attended UCSF School of Medicine where she served on the Admissions Committee. She completed her residency in OB/GYN at UCSD, and her fellowship in high risk obstetrics at the University of Washington. She is currently a Perinatologist at San Diego Perinatal Center. In her spare time, she and her family love eating, and going to the Zoo and beach.

Dr. Jeff Bonadio, MD

Dr. Jeff Bonadio has studied and practiced pathology for more than 35 years.  He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Marquette University.  He graduated from the Medical College of Wisconsin.  He completed his Internship in Pathology at the University of Washington and his first two Fellowships at the Seattle Children’s Hospital (Pediatric Pathology) and the University of Washington (Molecular Genetics).  He then completed his residency in Anatomic Pathology at the University of Washington. 

After completing his training, Dr. Bonadio was a member of the University of Michigan medical school faculty for eleven years.  His laboratory was funded by the NIH and private sources.  While there, he and his colleagues published almost 50 peer-reviewed original research papers.  He also invented a form of gene therapy, which was patented and remains in commercial use today.  This invention led to the formation of a biotechnology company, where he served as the Vice-President of Pharmaceutical Development from 1998-2000.  

He then returned to academia as a tenured member of the University of Washington Medical School faculty.  Despite this opportunity, he realized he wished to finish his career as a practicing physician, which led him to a residency in Anatomic Pathology at the University of California, Irvine followed by a fellowship in Pediatric Pathology at Los Angeles Childrens’ Hospital.  

Since 2008, he has served as a Staff Physician in the Department of Genetics at Kaiser-Permanente, Oakland, the Medical Director of Perinatal Pathology at Sharp Mary Birch Hospital, the Director of Perinatal Pathology at Magee-Women’s Hospital of The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, and an Associate Professor in the Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. During his clinical practice, he examined more than 18,000 placenta specimens and performed almost 700 perinatal autopsies.  He retired from pathology practice in July 2018. 

Dr. Joe Salameh, DO

professional photo

Dr. Joe Salameh is a 2nd year Emergency Medicine Resident Physician at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center. He was born in Southern California and raised in San Diego.  He graduated from Westview High School in Rancho Penasquitos and received his Bachelor’s of Business Administration from the University of San Diego. He then decided to attend medical school, completing his degree at Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine in Erie, Pennsylvania.  As a non-traditional medical school applicant, he hopes he can share his experiences and perspectives with the next generation of physicians.

Dr. John Austin, MD

Screen Shot 2018-05-15 at 7.15.58 PM

Dr. John Austin completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan majoring in Honors Chemistry and Cellular & Molecular Biology. He received his medical doctorate also from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Dr. Austin completed his internship and his residency in orthopaedic surgery at the University of Michigan Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. His post graduate training included a fellowship at the Cincinnati Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, specializing in knee and shoulder arthroscopy and open procedures. He joined California Orthopaedic Institute in San Diego in 2017.  Dr. Austin resides in San Diego with his wife and two children.

Dr. Keith Kortman, MD

Screen Shot 2018-04-05 at 9.34.01 AM

Dr. Keith Kortman is an Interventional Radiologist specializing in Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty at the San Diego Imaging Medical Group, Inc.  He attended Point Loma Nazarene for undergrad and UCSD for medical school, internship, and residency.  He completed two fellowships:  Neuroradiology at UCSD and MRI at Huntington Medical Research Institute in Pasadena, California.  He has won many professional awards including Point Loma Nazarene University’s Alumni of the Year (’11) and Best Doctors in America. His publications are extensive.  He and his wife reside in Del Mar, CA.

Dr. Lolie Fromm, MD

IMG_7524 (1)

Dr. Lolie Fromm is a recently retired Emergency Medicine physician, having worked for 28 years at Sharp Memorial Hospital. She also has a background in psychology and is presently affiliated with Kadima Neuropsychiatry Institute, where she utilizes ketamine to treat patients suffering from PTSD and TRD (treatment resistant depression). Dr. Fromm grew up in New York City, earned her B.S. in Psychology from Simmons College, and a Masters degree in Cognitive Psychology from Brandeis University. She received her M.D. from NYU in 1976 and completed residency training at Bellevue Hospital-NYU in Internal Medicine.

A semi-retired professional, Dr. Fromm appreciates the freedom to live her life and be with the people she loves. She enjoys tennis, swing dancing, cooking, historical fiction, and spending time with her sons – a medical student and an Emergency Medicine resident. She looks forward to sharing her enthusiasm for medicine and the wisdom gleaned from her 40 years of clinical practice at emERge.

Dr. Matt Fields


Dr. Matt Fields grew up in Oklahoma and went to Boston University for college and medical school. He completed his residency at the University of Pennsylvania where he served as chief resident and also completed an ultrasound fellowship in 2010. He was the ultrasound fellowship and program director at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia for 8 years and recently moved to San Diego to join Kaiser. He is a past president for the SAEM Academy of Emergency Ultrasound and the immediate past chair of the ACEP Emergency Ultrasound Section. He has lectured nationally and internationally and has published in areas of emergency medicine, global health, ultrasound and vascular access.

Dr. Matthew Thomas, MD

Screen Shot 2018-04-19 at 9.56.13 AM

photo and bio coming soon

Dr. Nicholas Montano

NicholasMontano KP MD

Dr. Nicholas Montano was born and raised in Los Angeles.  He had a previous career in Fire/EMS, both in South Central (Los Angeles) and Oakland (Bay Area). He received a B.S. in Physiology at San Francisco State University, and Medical Degree at UC Davis. During medical school, he created an undergraduate clinical internship program called Emergency Medicine eXperience (EMX), completed a year-long emergency ultrasound program for medical students, served on the admissions committee, and taught biology for the Princeton Review.    Currently, he is an Emergency Medicine Resident at Kaiser Permanente in San Diego.  He hopes to complete a fellowship in Critical Care Medicine soon.  When he has time, he enjoys watching The Office, Parks and Rec, and Teen Titans Go!

Dr. Paul Ishimine, MD

Screen Shot 2018-04-19 at 9.05.30 AM

Paul Ishimine, MD received his undergraduate degree at the University of California, Berkeley, and his medical degree at the University of California, Irvine. He then completed his emergency medicine residency at the University of Pittsburgh and worked as an emergency physician at the University of Pennsylvania prior to completing a pediatric emergency medicine fellowship at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. He is board-certified in both emergency medicine and pediatric emergency medicine. He currently a faculty member in the Department of Emergency Medicine at UC San Diego and in the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine at Rady Children’s Hospital, San Diego. He is the program director of the pediatric emergency medicine fellowship at UCSD/Rady Children’s Hospital and is the immediate past chair of the pediatric emergency medicine subboard of the American Board of Emergency Medicine / American Board of Pediatrics.

Dr. Robert Patel, MD

IMG_6080 (1)

Robert Patel, MD is an Emergency Medicine physician at Sharp Memorial Hospital in San Diego.

Dr. Russ Reinbolt, MD


Dr. Russ Reinbolt is an ultra endurance athlete who is also an Emergency Physician at Sharp Memorial Hospital.  Dr. Reinbolt received his Bachelor of Science from Michigan State University and his Master of Science in Exercise Physiology from Ohio State University.  He attended Medical School at the University of Toledo Medical Center in Ohio and completed his residency at Wayne State University/Detroit Receiving Hospital in Detroit, Michigan, graduating as Chief Resident.  In addition to his work at Sharp, he also practices privately as an Event Physician for the San Diego Padres and Finish Line Physician for the San Diego Rock ‘n Roll Marathons.  He has run races across Death Valley in 126 degree heat and 100 mile races across the tundra of Alaska.  He has been featured on “Untold Stories of ER”.  Read more about his adventures here.  

Dr. Ryan Smith, DO

Smith bio pic (1)


Dr. Ryan Smith grew up in Yorba Linda, California.  He received his BS in Biology from UCLA. He attended medical school at Western University of Health Sciences, graduating in 2003.  He completed his emergency medicine residency training at University of Southern California + Los Angeles County Hospital, graduating as Chief Resident in 2007.  He currently works as an emergency physician at Tri-City Medical Center in Oceanside, California. He lives with his wife and two daughters in Carlsbad, California.

Dr. Saul Levine, MD

Screen Shot 2018-04-19 at 9.56.13 AM

photo and bio coming soon

Dr. Shahed Samadi


Dr. Shahed Samadi is a Family Medicine physician with Sharp.  He graduated from St. George’s University School of Medicine in St. George, Grenada.  He went on to complete his residency at the North Iowa Mercy Health Center and his fellowship at the University of Arizona in Tucson.

Stefanie Wacker, RN


Stefanie Wacker is a staff nurse in the Emergency Department at Sharp Memorial Hospital. After initially receiving her BS in Chemistry from UCSD, she worked for 6 years in quality control in the pharmaceutical industry. Realizing she was more interested in the patient side of the pharmaceutical experience, she left her job, became an EMT and then worked as an HCP (ER tech) at Sharp Memorial Emergency Room. Thanks to the inspiration of the many excellent nurses and physicians she works with, she went back to school and received her BS in Nursing from CSU San Marcos. She was hired into the New Graduate Nurse Residency Program at SMH ED in 2016 and is now involved with precepting and mentoring new graduate nurses and nursing students, along with participating in medical volunteer work such as the medical mission trip she went on to the Philippines last year. When not in the ER, Stef enjoys traveling, scoping out new breakfast spots, and spending time with her wife and daughter.

Dr. Steve Lee


Dr. Lee was born in Seoul, South Korea.  He grew up, however, mostly in Southern California. He completed his undergraduate studies in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Boston University. He was commissioned as an active duty Naval Medical Corps Officer and completed his medical degree from Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences in Bethesda, MD. He completed General Surgery internship at Naval Medical Center San Diego and currently serves as a medical officer onboard USS ESSEX, (LHD-2).  He is also currently on staff at Sharp Rees Stealy Urgent Care. He plans to complete residency training in Ophthalmology after his upcoming deployment.

Dr. Sukh Singh, MD

Picture for EMERGE

Dr. Sukh Singh was born in Punjab, India, but grew up in the California central valley.  He stayed in the valley, getting his undergraduate degree from Fresno State and medical degree from UC Davis School of Medicine.  At UC Davis, he volunteered as director of a free clinic and was involved in the admissions committee.  After medical school, he spent the next four years learning Emergency Medicine in western Massachusetts at Baystate Medical Center, where he served as chief resident and completed a fellowship year in Emergency Ultrasound. During his fellowship, he found a passion for teaching emergency ultrasound, having opportunities to teach around the world.

Currently Dr. Singh is living in San Diego. He works for the University of California, teaching at the medical school, working clinically for the Department of Emergency Medicine, and being a faculty member for the Ultrasound Division. He also works at El Centro Regional Medical Center, where he serves as Director of Ultrasound.


Dr. Tommy Korn, MD

Dr. Korn is an ophthalmologist specializing in cataract surgery and cornea transplants.  He has been a physician with Sharp Rees-Stealy Medical Group for 18 years. He has been honored as one of the “Best Doctors of San Diego” by the San Diego County Medical Society and US News and World Report.  He is an active member of the international medical volunteer community having served on several humanitarian missions in Asia and Central America.  He is also an internationally recognized speaker on eye disease, eye surgery, wellness, and digital health apps. Over the years, Dr. Korn has mentored many medical students and residents as they pursue a career in medicine.

Dr. Korn has been working with a team from Sharp Healthcare & Apple to create the Sharp Health Companion App – one of the first healthcare apps based on Apple’s CareKit platform. This app is designed to help patients prepare and recover from surgeries & medical procedures such as eye surgery.  Recently, he was named as Chief Medical Experience Officer for Sharp Rees-Stealy Medical Group.

Dr. Walt Dembitsky, MD


Dr. Walt Dembitsky is a world-renowned Cardiothoracic surgeon.  He revolutionized the world of ECMO and teaches internationally on various surgical techniques.

Wendy Shinar


Wendy Shinar attended Westmont College (Santa Barbara, CA) and Colorado State University (Fort Collins, CO), where she received her Bachelor’s degree and teaching credential.  After several years of teaching in public schools in Southern California, she began her own business teaching and tutoring privately.   In order to work with her husband, Zack, they needed to combine their skill sets, thus, Emerge Conference LLC was born.  In her spare time, she enjoys taking notes on things she thinks are funny, playing outside with her children, and home improvement projects.

Dr. William Krauss

Screen Shot 2018-04-19 at 9.59.17 AM

Dr. William Krauss, MD FACEP (KP San Diego Department of Emergency Medicine- EM Residency APD)

Dr. Zack Shinar, MD

Dr. Shinar

Dr. Zack Shinar grew up in New York, Indiana, Illinois, California, Texas, and Arizona. He received his BS in Biomedical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania in 2000. While at Penn, he was an instructor for their MCAT Review Course. He graduated from the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine in 2004. After a year internship at UCLA Harbor View Medical Center, he returned to University of Southern California + Los Angeles County Hospital to complete his residency in Emergency Medicine, graduating as a Chief Resident in 2008. Upon graduation, he accepted a job at Sharp Memorial Hospital in San Diego, California. His work and research using Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has catapulted him onto the international speaking circuit. You can check out his latest research at and listen to his podcasts here. He and his wife Wendy have two kids and reside in San Diego, CA.

Click here to listen to Dr. Shinar speak about emERge on!

Did you know…

An emergency physician is a doctor who is an expert in handling conditions of an urgent and extremely dangerous nature. These specialists work in the emergency room (ER) departments of hospitals where they oversee cases involving cardiac distress, trauma, fractures, lacerations and other acute conditions.  Emergency physicians are specially trained to make urgent life-saving decisions to treat patients during an emergency medical crisis. These doctors diagnose and stabilize patients before they are either well enough to be discharged, or transferred to the appropriate department for long-term care.

A cardiothoracic surgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in surgical procedures of the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest. This includes surgeons who can be called cardiac surgeons, cardiovascular surgeons, general thoracic surgeons, and congenital heart surgeons.  Cardiothoracic surgeons will graduate from medical school and go on to complete either a 5-year general surgery residency followed by a 2- or 3-year cardiothoracic surgery residency program, or enter into a 6-year integrated cardiothoracic surgery residency.

An Interventional Radiologist uses a range of techniques which rely on the use radiological image guidance (X-ray fluoroscopy, ultrasound, computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) to precisely target therapy.  The essential skills of an interventional radiologist are in diagnostic image interpretation and the manipulation of needles and the use of fine catheter tubes and wires to navigate around the body under imaging control.  Interventional radiologists are doctors who are trained in radiology and interventional therapy.  No other specialty possesses this unique combination of skills!

A Trauma Surgeon  is a surgical specialty that utilizes both operative and non-operative management to treat traumatic injuries, typically in an acute setting. Trauma surgeons generally complete residency training in General Surgery and often fellowship training in trauma or surgical critical care. The trauma surgeon is responsible for initially resuscitating and stabilizing and later evaluating and managing the patient. The attending trauma surgeon also leads the trauma team, which typically includes nurses and support staff as well as resident physicians in teaching hospitals.

An OB/GYN physician is a doctor who deals with pregnancy, childbirth, the postpartum period (obstetrics) and the health of the female reproductive systems and breasts.   Postgraduate training programs for both aspects are usually combined, preparing the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist to be adept at the care of female reproductive organs’ health and at the management of pregnancy, although many doctors go on to develop subspecialty interests in one field or the other.

A Perinatologist is a physician that works in conjunction with a patient’s obstetrician when pregnancy complications develop and is able to provide care for both the mom and unborn baby. A perinatologist has completed four years of medical school training, four years of obstetrics and gynecology residency program and two – three years of maternal–fetal medicine fellowship program.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a test that uses powerful magnets, radio waves, and a computer to make detailed pictures inside your body.   MRI scanners use strong magnetic fields, electric field gradients, and radio waves to generate images of the organs in the body. MRI does not involve X-rays and the use of ionizing radiation, which distinguishes it from CT or CAT scans.

Computed tomography scan (CT Scan) makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual “slices”) of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.

Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States.  One notable difference between D.O. and M.D. training is that D.O. training adds 300 – 500 hours studying techniques for hands-on manipulation of the human musculoskeletal system.

Critical care is a specialty of surgery and a primary component of general surgery related to the care of patients with acute, life-threatening or potentially life-threatening surgical conditions. Surgical critical care not only incorporates knowledge and skills of nonoperative techniques for supportive care for critically ill patients but also a broad understanding of the relationship between critical surgical illness and surgical procedures. Although much of this knowledge and skills is common to critical care specialists from a variety of medical disciplines, the diplomate in surgical critical care has specialized expertise relating both to the physiologic responses to tissue injury from trauma, burns, operation, infections, acute inflammation, or ischemia and to the ways these responses interact with other disease processes.

A fellowship is is the period of medical training that a physician may undertake after completing residency. During this time (usually more than one year), the physician is known as a Fellow.


With support from